What Is Farm Bill Compliant Delta-9?

The 2018 Farm Bill legalized hemp cultivation in the United States and allowed for the production and sale of hemp-derived products containing no more than 0.3% Delta-9-THC, sparking debates on its legal status and prompting calls for increased regulation to ensure public safety.

Decoding the 2018 Farm Bill and Delta-9-THC: A Concise Overview

The 2018 Farm Bill has significantly impacted hemp cultivation and the sale of hemp-derived products in the United States by legalizing hemp farming with a maximum of 0.3% Delta-9-THC content, leading to an increase in sales of such products beyond dispensaries and sparking debates over potential risks and the need for federal regulation.

Unraveling the 2018 Farm Bill: A Turning Point for Hemp Cultivation

The 2018 Farm Bill ushered in a new era for American agriculture, particularly concerning hemp cultivation. This groundbreaking legislation legalized hemp farming, stipulating that hemp must contain no more than 0.3% Delta-9-THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) on a dry-weight basis to qualify as legal.1

The Science Behind Delta-9-THC and Its Influence

Delta-9-THC is the primary psychoactive compound found in cannabis, responsible for producing its mind-altering effects. When juxtaposed with other cannabinoids like CBD (cannabidiol), Delta-9-THC distinguishes itself due to its intoxicating properties.

Enterprising individuals argue that hemp-derived Delta-9-THC products containing less than 0.3% THC by volume are legal and can be sold beyond dispensaries. Approximately 120 brands currently sell hemp-derived Delta-9 products online.

Nevertheless, detractors contend that the Farm Bill’s loophole permitting the sale of hemp-derived Delta-9-THC products outside dispensaries presents risks to minors and public health since these items do not adhere to the same regulations as marijuana-derived products. The U.S. Hemp Roundtable, a Kentucky-based trade group, advocates for federal legislation to restrict the sale of intoxicating hemp products beyond dispensaries.

In response to similar concerns, at least twelve states have enacted laws limiting sales of another hemp-derived substance – Delta-8 – which is also intoxicating but less potent than Delta-9. Groups like the Hemp Roundtable, other industry organizations, and the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws are urging the FDA to regulate hemp-derived products to ensure public safety.

Navigating the Legal Landscape of Delta-9-THC Products: The 2018 Farm Bill and Beyond

The 2018 Farm Bill changed the legal status of hemp and its derived products in the United States, making hemp-derived products legal for sale as long as they adhere to FDA requirements and standards.

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A Shift in Legality: Hemp’s New Status

The 2018 Farm Bill redefined hemp as cannabis containing no more than 0.3 percent Delta-9-THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) on a dry weight basis, thereby dissociating it from marijuana in the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Consequently, hemp-derived products became legal for sale, provided they adhere to any applicable FDA (Food and Drug Administration) requirements and standards. In late 2018, the FDA even advanced three food products derived from hemp seeds through its Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) process.2

Despite this progress, the regulatory scenario surrounding CBD (cannabidiol)-laden hemp products remains intricate. For instance, CBD cannot be marketed as a dietary supplement nor included in interstate commerce under the FD&C (Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic) Act. To untangle these complexities, the FDA has established a high-level CBD Policy Working Group coordinating the agency’s approach towards CBD policy making.

The Significance of 0.3% Delta-9-THC

The 0.3% Delta-9-THC threshold is crucial in determining the legality and accessibility of hemp-based products. Since hemp seeds naturally lack CBD or THC, products derived from them are expected to comply with this standard.

Differentiating Hemp-derived and Marijuana-derived Products

It is essential to remember that while hemp-derived products containing up to 0.3% Delta-9-THC are legal under the Farm Bill, marijuana-derived counterparts continue to be regarded as illegal substances by the CSA at the federal level.

Exploring Full-Spectrum Hemp Products

Full-spectrum hemp products encompass all naturally occurring cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant, including CBD and minimal amounts of Delta-9-THC. Their unique composition offers a multitude of potential benefits.

Unveiling the Composition and Benefits

In June 2018, the FDA approved Epidiolex, a drug containing CBD as its active ingredient, for treating seizures stemming from two rare and severe pediatric diseases.3 This approval highlights CBD’s therapeutic value. Full-spectrum hemp products include not only CBD but also other cannabinoids that may provide additional advantages.

The Power of the Entourage Effect

The entourage effect is a concept proposing that different cannabinoids interact synergistically to amplify their individual effects. This theory implies that full-spectrum hemp products, containing various cannabinoids including trace amounts of Delta-9-THC, could be more potent than those with isolated cannabinoids alone.

Hemp-Derived Delta-9-THC Controversies: Legal Loopholes and Health Concerns

The 2018 Farm Bill legalized hemp cultivation federally, but it also sparked debates due to some producers exploiting the 0.3% Delta-9-THC per dry weight limit to offer products with significant Delta-9-THC content. This has led to concerns about potential risks and calls for increased regulation.

Understanding the Loophole

Hemp-derived Delta-9-THC products legally use the 0.3% Delta-9-THC limit to create full-spectrum edibles with noticeable amounts of this psychoactive compound. Full-spectrum hemp products utilize the whole plant, delivering an entourage effect where multiple cannabinoids work together for a more natural experience.

Health Risks and Public Concerns

Critics argue that such products pose risks to minors and public health due to their potentially intoxicating levels of Delta-9-THC.

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Calls for Stricter FDA Regulations

Industry groups and advocates have called for increased FDA regulations, citing the need for stricter oversight to ensure safety and efficacy. They argue that as these products gain popularity among consumers, more stringent measures are necessary.

Comparing Delta-8 and Delta-9 THC Regulations

Some advocates point towards recent regulatory actions against Delta-8-THC products as evidence that similar measures should be implemented for hemp-derived Delta-9-THC offerings. There are concerns that significant amounts of Delta-9-THC in products could lead to abuse or misuse by consumers who may not fully comprehend the associated effects and risks.

In addition to gummies, other options like Delta-9 THC/CBD chocolates and candies exemplify the variety available for those seeking hemp-derived products with higher Delta-9-THC levels. As the market expands, further regulatory discussions and actions may be necessary to balance consumer demand, safety, and legality.

IV. Navigating Farm Bill Compliant Delta-9-THC: A Guide for Consumers

As you explore the world of Farm Bill compliant Delta-9-THC products, it’s essential to be aware of crucial factors to help you make informed decisions that contribute to a safe and enjoyable experience.

A. Dosage Recommendations

The best way for beginners to determine their optimal dosage of Delta-9-THC products while minimizing the risk of side effects is by adopting a low and slow approach, starting with a small dose and gradually increasing it while paying attention to individual tolerance levels influenced by factors such as body weight, metabolism, and previous cannabis use.

1. The Low and Slow Approach

If you’re new to Delta-9-THC products, it’s wise to begin with a low dose and gradually increase it over time. This cautious approach allows you to determine your individual tolerance levels while minimizing the risk of unwanted side effects. By starting small and slowly raising the dose, you can discover your optimal dosage without risking overconsumption.

2. Acknowledging Individual Tolerance Levels

Keep in mind that everyone’s tolerance for Delta-9-THC varies. Factors such as body weight, metabolism, and previous cannabis use can influence how an individual responds to Delta-9-THC products. Always pay attention to your body’s signals and adjust your dosage accordingly.

B. Legal Purchasing Options

When seeking Farm Bill compliant Delta-9-THC products, it’s imperative to be aware of the legal options available in your region.

1. Exploring Online Availability

Numerous reputable companies offer online purchasing options for hemp-derived Delta-9-THC products that adhere to the Farm Bill’s 0.3% Delta-9-THC limit. It’s crucial to thoroughly research these companies before making a purchase, ensuring that you’re buying from trustworthy sources with robust safety and quality standards.

2. Understanding Age Requirements and Restrictions

As with any cannabis product, age requirements and restrictions apply when legally purchasing Delta-9-THC products. Buyers must typically be at least 18 years old; however, some states may enforce higher age requirements like 21 years old. Familiarize yourself with local laws and regulations before attempting to purchase or use Delta-9-THC products.

Exploring the Future of Farm Bill Compliant Delta-9-THC

Potential regulatory changes and implications for the hemp-derived Delta-9-THC industry include increased FDA involvement, state-level legislation, intensified competition, and innovation in product development due to evolving regulations and cannabinoid research.

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Potential Regulatory Shifts

The rising popularity of hemp-derived Delta-9-THC products has sparked discussions around possible regulatory changes in the industry. One significant development could be the increased involvement of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in overseeing these products. At present, industry groups and the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws are urging the FDA to regulate hemp-derived items, which would address concerns related to product safety and quality.

Apart from federal regulations, state-level legislation may also influence the future landscape of Farm Bill compliant Delta-9-THC. Already, over a dozen states have passed laws restricting sales of another hemp-derived substance, Delta-8, which has intoxicating effects but is less potent than Delta-9.4

Implications for the Cannabis Industry

The shifting regulatory environment for hemp-derived Delta-9-THC will undoubtedly impact the wider cannabis industry, including market trends and competition among producers and sellers. Currently, nearly 120 brands are selling hemp-derived Delta-9 products online. With changing regulations and growing consumer demand, it is expected that more brands will join this market space, intensifying competition.

Innovation within the industry is another area where change is anticipated. The 2018 Farm Bill legalized hemp cultivation and defined hemp as containing no more than 0.3% Delta-9-THC on a dry-weight basis. This has paved the way for manufacturers to create innovative products using hemp-derived ingredients while adhering to legal limits.

As research into various cannabinoids found in cannabis plants progresses, companies are likely to discover new methods of harnessing their properties in producing novel hemp-derived products. This could involve devising unique formulations that optimize the therapeutic potential of cannabinoids, such as Delta-9-THC, without breaching the legal threshold.

The future of Farm Bill compliant Delta-9-THC hinges on ongoing regulatory changes and industry innovation. It is crucial for consumers to stay informed about these developments and make responsible decisions when purchasing hemp-derived products.

In Summary

As the hemp-derived cannabinoid market expands and transforms, it is vital for customers and industry participants to comprehend the potential hazards associated with emerging products containing psychoactive compounds like Delta-8 THC, Delta-10 THC, and THC-O Acetate. The 2018 Farm Bill’s definition of legal hemp extract has paved the way for edible products with intoxicating levels of Delta-9-THC to be marketed as legitimate and affordable alternatives to regulated cannabis items.

Recapping Crucial Points

While Congress aimed to prohibit any intoxicating substances derived from legal hemp, legislative loopholes have resulted in a proliferation of products featuring highly potent cannabinoids. For instance, a typical 60-gram energy bar could lawfully contain up to 180 mg of Delta-9-THC if restricted to a 0.3 percent THC concentration by weight. Meanwhile, regulated cannabis edibles are generally limited to 10 mg per serving size and 100 mg per package.

California’s Assembly Bill 45 (AB45) addresses some concerns by permitting hemp-derived cannabinoids in food and dietary supplements with certain limitations; however, questions surrounding regulation and serving sizes persist. Cannabis and hemp industry leaders caution against using percentage thresholds as an accurate measure for foods and beverages since this could lead to incorrect labeling and contamination issues.

In comparison to regulated cannabis products, hemp items are more susceptible to contamination due to less stringent testing requirements. Contaminants can include pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, mycotoxins, solvents, heavy metals, or microbiological contaminants. A recent survey discovered significant mislabeling and falsified lab results for Delta-8-THC products – 77% contained less Delta-8 than advertised, while 76% had federally illegal concentrations of Delta-9-THC.5

Misbranded and adulterated products not only pose risks to consumers but also expose sellers to civil abatement, liability under consumer protection statutes, and potential criminal exposure. Insurers should also be attentive to these trends and review their forms and underwriting procedures to ensure they accurately reflect the current underwriting intent for insureds involved in manufacturing, distributing, or selling hemp cannabinoid products.

A Consumer’s Responsibility

Given these concerns, it is crucial for consumers to remain informed about the hemp-derived cannabinoid market and make responsible decisions when purchasing products containing Delta-9-THC or other psychoactive compounds. By being conscious of the potential risks associated with these products, consumers can safeguard themselves from harm and contribute to a more secure and transparent industry.


  1. https://www.fda.gov/news-events/congressional-testimony/hemp-production-and-2018-farm-bill-07252019 
  2. https://www.fda.gov/food/cfsan-constituent-updates/fda-responds-three-gras-notices-hemp-seed-derived-ingredients-use-human-food
  3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7439947/
  4. https://www.forbes.com/sites/chrisroberts/2021/09/17/the-feds-are-coming-for-delta-8-thc/
  5. https://www.forbes.com/sites/chrisroberts/2021/10/30/study-most-delta-8-thc-products-are-mislabeled-and-some-companies-are-faking-lab-results/?sh=3ef7d0dc7ec1 
Katie Devoe

Katie Devoe

Katie Devoe is an entrepreneur, educator, and cannabis thought leader. She has been a guest speaker at numerous conferences and developed the CannaCertified cannabis education platform.

• Cannabis and Hemp Enthusiast
• One of the first female business owners in the hemp and cannabis industry
• Co-founder of one of the largest and most established CBD manufacturers in the country
• Spent the past decade leading brands in the hemp and cannabis industry
• Developed a certification program
Connect with Katie on LinkedIn

Get a quote from Katie on your product idea today!

Katie Devoe

Katie Devoe

Katie Devoe is an entrepreneur, educator, and cannabis thought leader. She has been a guest speaker at numerous conferences and developed the CannaCertified cannabis education platform.

• Cannabis and Hemp Enthusiast
• One of the first female business owners in the hemp and cannabis industry
• Co-founder of one of the largest and most established CBD manufacturers in the country
• Spent the past decade leading brands in the hemp and cannabis industry
• Developed a certification program
Connect with Katie on LinkedIn

Get a quote from Katie on your product idea today!



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